The irony of Lenin, Victor Sebestyan’s biography reveals, is that he was profoundly bourgeois

Jailed by the Communists, Croatia’s former primate Alojzije Stepinac still awaits sainthood

Slovenia’s second most famous export, Slavoj Žižek, gets full marks for effort, but his 1970s dialectic seems a bit retro

The sinister and sanguinary Soviet revolutionary was, above all, a very lucky man

The ideas of the martyred pioneer of mayhem still remain potent today

The concept of the “common reader” is dead

Young people in China are under immense burdens, but their generation is individualistic, innovative, and hopeful

“The impulse to suppress freedom of speech is never holy, even if it has taken many centuries for both church and state to admit as much. And that unholy impulse will re-emerge unless we are vigilant.”

The Chinese leader is repressive, bullying, and inadequate

Growing up Communist in post-war Britain