Poland’s Grand Panjandrum

It is hard to engage seriously with Adam Michnik's scattered collection of essays


I taught English in Poland in the 1960s and can safely say there were virtually no Communists in the country

Pole Position

This year could mark the coming of age of Poland as a musical nation. What took so long?

To One War, 55 Marks

This year's war on expenses is nothing compared to the one started in 1939 - World War II

Katyn Denial

Residual guilt about this Soviet atrocity may be preventing Andrzej Wajda's film Katyn from getting the coverage it deserves in Britain

From Treblinka to Tannenberg

A tour through Eastern Poland uncovers the wreckage of German military might

How I Rewrote Polish History

Poland used to be written off as a failed state. But it has survived Nazism and communism to become a model for Europe

Classic Teller of Painful Truths

The Polish poet Zbigniew Herbert, whose collected work is now available in English for the first time, crystallised the ravages of invasion and communist rule in his quest to tell the truth about pain

Underrated: Abroad

The ravenous longing for the infinite possibilities of “otherwhere”

The king of cakes

"Yuletide revels were designed to see you through the dark days — and how dark they seem today"